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Subhan Shahid

Diplômé PHD - 2023

Titre de thèse

The Exit Puzzle: Understanding the Influence of Personal and Psychological Factors in Explaining Entrepreneurial Exit

Domaines d'expertise

  • Entrepreneuriat

Subhan is a Ph.D. candidate in the Entrepreneurship and Innovation team at Grenoble Ecole de Management, France. His Ph.D. dissertation revolves around understanding the dynamics of entrepreneurial exit. His research interest situates within three main domains entrepreneurial exit, sustainability, and well-being. His research work has been published in journals such as European Business Review, M@n@gement, Management Decision, Personnel Review, and the International Journal of Gender & Entrepreneurship. He participated in international conferences including the Academy of Management (AOM), the British Academy of Management (BAM), the Danish Research Unit on Industrial Dynamics (DRUID), European Business and Economic Society (EBES). He has affiliated with IJEBR, AOM, and BAM conferences as an ad-hoc reviewer.

Subhan has two years of professional experience as a coordinator and trainer at the Student Start-up Business Centre, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan. During his tenure, he was engaged as a mentor and facilitator with more than thirty start-ups. He also worked as an entrepreneur and ran his own social venture. He holds a master’s in strategic management from IAE Aix Marseille University, France.  

Current Supervisors: Dr. Mei Maggie-Qiuzhu and Dr. Martina Battisti

The dissertation examines the personal and psychological determinants of entrepreneurial exit. Three studies are conducted to investigate how personal factors influence entrepreneurial exit intentions and actual exit instances. The first study looks at the association between an entrepreneur's previous part-time employment experience and entrepreneurial exit. Additionally, the moderating role of age and education is also hypothesized. According to the German Socio-Economic Panel data findings, having more part-time employment experience increases the likelihood of entrepreneurial exit. Furthermore, the effects of part-time employment experience on entrepreneurial exit reduce with aging and a higher level of education. The second study dives into the mechanisms through which different sources of entrepreneurial failure fear lead to exit intentions. The study is grounded on social cognition theory and contends that fear of failure, both internally and externally situated, drives entrepreneurial exit intentions. Data from entrepreneurs in Pakistan revealed that sources of fear of failure that are internally situated are positively associated with entrepreneurial exit intentions. In addition, the conducive social environment moderates this relationship. The research offers insight into the performative context of the failure of fear and its importance in explaining exit intentions. Study three investigates the impact of perceived barriers on entrepreneurial exit intentions, emphasizing the mediating role of self-efficacy and the moderating role of business activity nature. Based on social cognition theory, the study suggests that perceived barriers influence entrepreneurial exit intentions via self-efficacy, with the nature of the business activity acting as a boundary condition. Data from entrepreneurs in the United Kingdom show that perceived barriers have a positive relationship with entrepreneurial exit intentions, mediated by self-efficacy. The nature of the business activity further diminishes the effects of perceived barriers on exit intentions, such that the negative moderating effect is more severe for sustainable entrepreneurship than for traditional entrepreneurship. In conclusion, the dissertation adds to our understanding of entrepreneurial exit from both a personal and psychological standpoint. It identifies numerous aspects that are important in understanding why entrepreneurs opt to exit their ventures. One such element is part-time employment experience, which has been proven to influence the decision to exit. Furthermore, fear of failure and perceived barriers are revealed as significant predictors of entrepreneurial exit, offering insight into the psychological components involved in this process. In addition, the dissertation emphasizes the influence of the external social environment on the personal and psychological explanations of entrepreneurial exit. This means that factors beyond the individual's control, such as institutional environment, might affect their decision to exit entrepreneurship. These findings add to the growing body of literature on entrepreneurial exit, with important implications for theory, practice, and policy-making. Keywords: Entrepreneurial exit, part-time employment experience, fear of failure, perceived barriers, social cognitive theory, person-environment theory.
    • Entrepreneurship - Master - Depuis 2022
    • Innovation Management - Licence - de 2021 à 2021
    • Business Planning - Licence - Depuis 2022
    • Entrepreneurship & Business Opportunities - Master - Depuis 2021